As a rule, in a fire, many people behave incorrectly – they are lost, they panic and do not know what needs to be done in such a situation. Unfortunately, this reason sometimes causes the death of people in a fire. To avoid this and in the event of a fire that has arisen to help yourself and surrounding people, you should not panic and follow strictly defined rules. How to behave correctly in a fire?
The unconditional rule, requiring strict execution, suggests that with the smell of smoke or the initial signs of fire, it is necessary to call firefighters as quickly as possible. To do this, you need to dial from the city phone 01, and from mobile 112. If you do not have the opportunity to call the phone, try all other possible ways to call a fire brigade – ask neighbors or friends, click on a special button in the elevator.
Do not waste precious time searching for documents and money – in a fire situation, the road is every minute, so save yourself and save others. The burnt documents can then be restored, money – earned, but it is impossible to restore lost health or even life.
If the fire happened in the building where you work or live, immediately inform your neighbors and colleagues from other apartments and offices about it.
So that the flame does not have the opportunity to flare up quickly, immediately close all the windows and doors tightly.
Really evaluate the misfortune that happened and, if you can cope with the fire of the fire yourself, try to eliminate it with a fire extinguisher, water, dense fabric, and earth from flower pots. If the focus of the fire is large – do not waste your strength on it and get out of the burning building as soon as possible.
If in the general corridor there is already strong smoke, move to the exit on all fours or crawling. If you have such an opportunity, cover your mouth and nose with a cloth, preferably moistened with water.
If you do not have the opportunity to get out of the burning building yourself, then it is recommended to compact the front door of the apartment or cabinet with a wet cloth so that the smoke does not penetrate, go out to the balcony and wait for help from the fire department employees.
According to firefighters, the safest places in an apartment or office in a fire – on the balcony or, if not, near the window. It will be easier for you to find and evacuate from a burning building here.
And now it is necessary to talk about what categorically cannot be done in case of fire:
If you have witnessed a fire, then in no case do you go into a smoky room for someone to save. Remember that the smoke in a fire can be very toxic, and your stay in a burning building can lead to problems with your health or even your death. The main task of witnesses of the fire is to call a fire brigade. Remember – entering a burning building without special equipment, knowledge and professional skills is deadly!
You can not use the elevator when fire – it can be turned off at any moment, and then your salvation will be problematic even for professionals.
You can’t jump from the floors that your third. According to statistics, every second jump from the 4th and above the floor leads to the death of a person.
It is strictly forbidden to try to escape through the burning room if you are not confident in your abilities. Remember that you will need to slip it in just a few seconds, which, unfortunately, succeeds far from everyone.
It is also impossible to break the windows in a burning room – a large flow of oxygen will only aggravate the position and help the flame flare up even more, which can be deadly for you.